The Twelve Construction Projects approved by Executive Yuan in 1979 listed museums as part of the central government's cultural infrastructure development policy. The National Science and Technology Museum (NSTM) was established to become the first museum focused on applied sciences in Taiwan and the first national science education organization in southern Taiwan. The museum's mission is to collect and study technological artifacts, host technology related exhibits, promote education regarding technology, and provide Taiwanese citizens with a place meant for leisure and lifelong learning. NSTM is located on a 18.35 ha site on Jiuru 1st Rd (previously Kaohsiung Park No. 6) in Kaohsiung City. The museum complex covers 20,682.83m2 of land, has 113,570.66m2 of floor space, and a height of 36.89m.
The building covers 15,007.55m2. It contains the administration center, permanent exhibition galleries, special exhibition galleries, Multifunctional 3D Theater, Open Storage, True Dreamland, and Green Shop.
The building covers 5,412.61m2. It contains the Library of Popular Science, Auditorium, Multifunctional Measurement Square, Meeting Rooms, Collections Storage, and LOHAS Energy Conservation House.