The “Twelve Construction Projects” approved by the Executive Yuan in 1979 listed museums as part of the central government's cultural infrastructure development policy. The National Science and Technology Museum (“Museum”) was established to become the first museum for applied sciences in Taiwan and also the first national science education organization in southern Taiwan. The Museum's mission is to collect and study technological artifacts, host technology-related exhibits, promote technology education as well as provide citizens with a place for leisure and lifelong learning. The Museum is located on a 18.35ha site on Jiuru 1st Rd. (previously Kaohsiung Park No. 6) in Kaohsiung City. The museum complex covers 20,682.83m2, has 113,570.66m2 of floor space and a height of 36.89m.
The building covers 15,007.55m2. It contains the administration center, permanent exhibition galleries, special exhibition galleries, Multifunctional 3D Theater, Open Storage, True Dreamland, and Green Shop.
The building covers 5,412.61m2. It contains the Library of Popular Science, Auditorium, Multifunctional Measurement Square, Meeting Rooms, Collections Storage, and LOHAS Energy Conservation House.